The Greek army first contact with the Bulgarian army was in
the city of Thessalonica where the Bulgarian army had been allowed to enter
by the Greek army to rest. In the city of Thessalonica the Bulgarians
were forced to surrender.
On the 19th of June a large battle began at Kilkis between
the Bulgarian and Greek forces. The Bulgarians had created a very
strong defense around Kilkis. Trench after trench with barbed wire
guarded the Bulgarian positions from the Greek advance. The Greek
soldiers moved across the trenches in a battle that lasted three whole
days. The soldiers removed the wiring with their bayonets as they
moved forward only to meet one Bulgarian position after another. The
Greek soldiers fought heroically man to man and suffered many
casualties. However, the casualties on the Bulgarian side were so much
more that it was a literal disaster for the Bulgarians.
The Bulgarian front completely collapsed in front of other
similar victories and one by one the cities of Geugeli, Nigrita, Doirani etc
fell to the advancing Greek army. In less then one month the Greeks
managed to liberate all of Macedonia and had advanced into Bulgaria.
The Greek army now approached the capital city of Bulgaria which was sure to
fall to the Greek army.
The other allies had similar victories against the Bulgarian
forces. When all seemed without hope for the Bulgarians a further
disaster struck them when Romania and the Ottoman Empire decided that it was
time to benefit at Bulgaria's expense. Romania and the Ottoman Empire
both declared war on Bulgaria and invaded it.
The Bulgarians fearing that their country would cease to
exist surrendered, and on the 28th of July 1913 "The Treaty of
Bucharest" was signed formally ending the war. Greece received
even more territory, receiving the rest of Epirus (excluding northern Epirus)
and eastern Macedonia up to the Rhodope and Nestos.
As a result of these wars Greece gained a new standing in
the world community. Greece had liberated much of the territory it so
dearly wanted. The population and area of Greece doubled nearly over
night. A jubilation swept throughout Greece as territories which could
not be liberated from Ottoman occupation for nearly one hundred years now
formed part of Greece.
Venizelos · Possibly the greatest
Greek politician of the 20th century. He was Prime Minister of
Greece during the most trying of times.
Melas · A
national Greek hero who fought for the preservation of Hellenism in
Macedonia in the early 20th century.