It was on Tuesday May 29th 1453 that the
unimaginable happened and the city of Constantinople fell to the Osman
Tribe, the "Ottoman Turks".
Constantinople was so heavily defended by its' surrounding
walls that even when it fell it was a surprise to the west. It was unimaginable
that such a well constructed defense, the best ever in the world at the time
could be breached.
In fact the walls of Constantinople could not be breached
and had the final attack not succeeded the Ottoman Turks would have
abandoned their attempts to take the city. The Sultan Mehmed was
advised by his advisors to cancel his attack on the city which was seven
weeks old and was failing. It is well known that on the night the city
fell not only breaches occurred in the walls, but a door had been left open
to the city which allowed thousands of Janissaries to enter the city.
The superstition the Greeks used to say in the city
was that the city would never fall, if the city fell it would fall on the
day that ships would sail on the land. This superstition/prophecy had been
told for over one thousand years and was believed in the city of
Mehmed decided that he would take the city, he would not
allow himself to fail in this prize. He knew that if he could get his
navy into the Golden Horn the Byzantines would have to thin out their
defense to defend that side as well.
His Engineers built a long pathway that connected the
Bosporous with the Golden Horn. Then 70 ships were pulled for several kilometers
by thousands of men across the land.
The citizens of Constantinople watched in dismay and began
to lose hope. A prophecy which had been made a thousand years earlier
was coming to fruition. The Ottoman Turks were sailing on the
land! On the final attack the Byzantine/East Roman Empire capital
Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks bringing the longest surviving
empire ever over 11 centuries old to an end. This marked the beginning
of a cruel 4 centuries of occupation of all Christian peoples in the