a very famous ancient Greek who wrote many famous ancient Greek writings
such as "The Republic", "The Laws", etc. He lived
during and after the destructive Peloponnesian War, he was a member of the
Athenian upper class and had been born into the aristocracy of the city of
Athens. He was born just after the catastrophic Peloponnesian War
began and watched the destruction of the ancient Greek world at the end of
the fifth century. A Greek war like no other that pitted half of
Greece with Athens, the other half with Sparta, in essence the first
"Greek World War".
As a young man he had political ambitions, however the
excesses that had developed in Athenian Democracy revolted him.
Equally revolting was the execution of his teacher Socrates in 399 BC
by the Democracy of Athens. These two events disgusted Plato to such a
high degree that he became so disillusioned with his city that he left Athens
withdrawing from public life.
Plato went to Sicily and to Italy at a time when it was known
as "Greater Greece" consisting entirely of Greek colonies.
Even till this day there are remnants of Greater Greece in some towns
of Sicily that still speak the Greek language like the village of
Kalimera. In Sicily he encountered the Pythagorean sects which
would have a profound effect in his life and eventually influence his Philosophy.
Upon returning to Athens in 387 B.C. he founded the Academy
of Athens, which is often described as the "First University in the
Plato accepted the basic teachings of Socrates his teacher.
Plato believed that the pursuit of truth can only come through questions,
answers, and then with questions once again. Only in this manner he
believed could one find the essence of truth. He also believed like
Socrates that the best quality in a statesman was not technical or practical
ability but rather knowledge and wisdom.